SELECTION / BATCHING
The first step of the process is known as batching. It begins with blending different types of jute fibers to gain the strength and
color ideal for spinning. It is then examined, sorted, and mixed to form different batches.
During this process, the jute is fed into a softener, treated with an emulsion oil and water, and then passed between sets of heavy
These fibers are then carded in breaker cards and finisher cards, which reduces the average length of the fibers by teasing and
combing. The end product, called sliver, is a long continuous ribbon, 5" or 6" in width.
The carded jute is fed into drawing machines in three stages through drawing frames that draw out and attenuate the sliver,
parallelize the fibers, and through a doubling process, produce a smoother, even sliver.
Spinning gives a slight twist to the sliver and delivers the material onto bobbins in the form of rove. The sliver-spinner delivers a
crimped sliver, which can be fed directly to the sliver spinning form. Spinning frames convert the rove to finished yarn.
After spinning, the yarns are wound into the form required - spools for warp yarn and cops for weft yarn - for subsequent processing. Jute yarn is processed much
like other textile fibers, the yarn itself being dressed (i.e, sized or starched), before be in passed on to the warp beam ready for weaving.
Jute fabrics are of simple construction and are woven on a variety of looms. Woven fabrics are inspected, damped, and calendared to produce the desired smooth finish.
The woven cloth is then dyed in the desired azo-free, eco-friendly reactive dyes and colors.
After the fabric is dyed, it goes for cutting. It is then arranged in layers & cut according to the product pattern, marked according
to product coding, and handed over to the respective department for further processing.
Screen-printing is done on cut fabric by arranging it on a large printing table. Water-based, azo-free colours are used for printing.
Once done, the fabric is left to dry, and then given for stitching.
Stiching & finishing
The entire bag/product such as front‐back body, gusset, and the handle are stitched together using a stitching machine.
Checking & packing
Finished bags go through rigorous quality checks. And if the bags are not cleared by the quality check, the bags are immediately
sent to be mended and rectified.